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Biljarda  

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Njegoš`s Museum Biljarda

 

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Biljarda, the former residence of Petar II Petrovic Njegoš, built according to the design of Jakov Ozereckovski in 1838, is a place for the visitor to truly sense the time, circumstances and conditions in which the great Montenegrin Prince-Bishop, poet and philosopher created his most important works.

Over a whole century, the Montenegrins carefully preserved the legacy of Njegoš, to open a Memorial Museum in the bishop’s renewed residence in 1951. 

 

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                                  The plan of the exhibition:

                                                                 1. The Armoury

                                                                 2. The Senate Hall

                                                                 3. The library

                                                                 4. The bedroom                                            

                                                                 5. The room of Njegoš’s secretary

                                                                 6. The Statehood Room

                                                                 7. Njegoš's works 

                                                 8. Map of Montenegro

 

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VIRTUAL TOUR

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The building used to have a ground floor and an upper floor with 25 rooms. The upper floor contained: “The Armoury”, Bishop’s bedroom, Bishop’s study, the Billiard Room, “People’s Office”, Njegoš’s secretary bedroom, a room intended for the senators and foreign visitors. The ground floor contained: Bishop’s kitchen, dining room with a fireplace, servant’s room and storage, dining room and “popular kitchen”. Our studies still do not provide us with a detailed and complete description of the interior of Biljarda. There exist such descriptions, though fragmentary and providing only a hint as to what the interior looked like. Weapons hung on the walls, as well as portraits of notable figures that Njegoš appreciated: Russian Emperors Peter the Great and Nikolay I, Napoleon, Friedrich of Saxonia, Karadjordje and Byron. 

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Metropolitan Petar II Petrovic Njegoš (portrait done by Johan Boss) and the" Armoury"

 

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The billiard-table, after which the residence obtained its name, was placed in the main room, that was in time going to become the place where important decisions would be made. 

The Armoury or “The Chamberlain’s Room”, alongside the characteristic samples of weapons, canons krnjo and zelenko, portraits of Kenjo Jankovic, a contemporary of Njegoš who won Žabljak, and sirdar Djuko Sredanovic, Njegoš’s attendant, displays the gift collection of weapons that marked the opening of the Memorial Museum in Biljarda and a century from the death of Peter II Petrovic Njegoš (1851 – 1951).

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The Senate Hall and Njegoš's library

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The Senate Hall, that is the Billiard Room, is one of the most important rooms in the residence. This is where the social and state life of the freepart of Montenegro took place. Next to the billiard-table, the cabinet displays the Bishop’s armchair bought in Venice - its legs were subsequently modified and extended by 16 centimetres for the size of the chair to fit Njegoš’s stature. A portrait of Njegoš in national costume, done by the Viennese painter Johannes Bes in 1847, is displayed on the central wall.

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Portraits of Prince Danilo, who succeeded Njegoš on the Montenegrin throne, as well as those of King Nikola and Grand Duke Mirko, Njegoš’s will, flags, long daggers (jatagan), rifles, and pistols (ledenica) are also displayed.

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The study, with a library of more than a thousand books is even today fascinating for visitors. Bishop Petar II frequently consulted a large number of books in nine classical and living languages. It is precisely this wide range of fields and personal interests that places Njegoš among the most educated persons of the time. 

 

Njegoš's notebook and the original manuscript of the epic poem Gorski vijenac (The Mountain Wreath) 

 

( A digital version of Njegos`s notebook is available at the bottom of this WEB page, or here) 

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This is particularly heightened by his works - the original manuscripts of Gorski vijenac (The Mountain Wreath) and Noc skuplja vijeka (The Night More Precious Than the Century), one of the best love poems ever written in this part of the world. Translation of Lamartin’s  Hymn of Night, Njegoš’s notebook, gold pen and inkpot are also displayed. A portrait of Pushkin, Njegoš’s personal arms and personal objects complete this historical picture.

The bedroom displays representative samples of handmade weapons, bishop’s robes, the chair Njegoš used for rest, part of the original furniture, portrait of the Bishop in his youth done by the Slovenian painter Josip Tominc (1833).

A special place on the sidewall belongs to the originals of Njegoš’s bishop’s diplomas.

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The bedroom and Njegoš's portrait done by Jozef Tominc

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The central place in the room of Njegoš’s secretary belongs to the portrait of Jeremija Gagic, at the time also the Russian consul in Dubrovnik. Below the portrait are the inkpot and other personal objects belonging to Gagic.

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The room of Njegoš’s secretary 

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One of the cabinets displays a wax print of “perun”, the currency Peter II Petrovic intended to introduce in Montenegro.

 

Evidence of Njegoš’s endeavours in the fields of culture and education is displayed on the walls – pages of The Primer printed for the first elementary school students, the first Montenegrin almanac Grlica etc.

 

The Primer for the elementary schools and the reproductions of Njegoš`s coin Perun

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In “The Statehood Room”, among other things, are the demarcation maps. The one from 1839 shows Montenegro as the only free territory in the Balkan region, divided at the time between the great empires –Turkish and Austro-Hungarian.

 In the corner, there is Njegoš’s fiscal cash register, symbolizing the first attempt to regulate state finances and taxation system in Montenegro.

Senate, as central government body, was established during the rule of Njegoš, as well as local government bodies.

 

The Statehood Room and paintings done by Pero Pocek (scenes from the Mountain Wreath)

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Several rooms provide a systematic presentation of Njegoš’s life and his creative journey from his birthplace of Njeguši to the Lovcen throne that secured him a place among the great people of the world.

 

Here are the authentic exhibits: the chest that belonged to Njegoš’s mother, his gusle, the original “will” indicating Rade Tomov as ruler of Montenegro. Besides the earliest edition of The Mountain Wreath, there are also copies of Luca mikrokozma(The Ray of the Microcosm) and other Njegoš’s works, as well as all of their major translations to other languages.

Njegoš’s busts (done by  Ivan Meštrovic and Risto Stijovic) and Njegoš`s works

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The exhibition is rendered complete by the works of famous artists who were inspired by Njegoš and his works – Pocek’s illustrations for The Mountain Wreath, a bust of Njegoš done by Ivan Meštrovic etc. 

 

.  The map of Montenegro

 

The large scale map of Montenegro was constructed during World War I by Austrian soldiers. It is located in the Biljarda`s garden .

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to the top 

 
Vladin dom - National Museum of Montenegro

Historical Museum, Art Museum & Archaeology Museum in Vladin Dom

King Nikola`s Palace

King Nikola`s Museum

 

Biljarda

Njegoš`s Museum Biljarda

 

Ethnographic Museum

Ethnographic Museum

 

Gallery Dado

Montenegrin Gallery of Arts Miodrag Dado Đuric

 

Chipur church

Court church Cipur

 

Mausoleum on Lovcen

Njegoš`s Mausoleum on Lovcen

 

Orlov krs

Mausoleum of Bishop Danilo (Orlov krs)

 

Lapidarium

 

.Map of Montenegro

Map of Montegro

 

Birthhouse of Petar II Petrovic Njegos

Njegoš`s birthhouse

 

 

Njegoš`s notebook

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