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Ethnographic Museum

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Ethnographic Museum of Montenegro

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The Ethnographic Museum was founded in 1951. It was located in the Biljarda building until the catastrophic 1979 earthquake, upon which the entire collection of artefacts was transferred to Vladin Dom. In 1987 the Municipality of Cetinje made the building of the former Serbian Embassy over to the National Museum of Montenegro, which was then adapted for the purposes of the Ethnographic Museum.

 .        The plan of the exhibition:

                     1. Primary steps of the raw material treatment

                            2. Traditional woollen items

                            3. Vertical loom, various garments and household items

                            4. Horizontal loom

                            5. Traditional ornaments

                            6. National costumes

                            7. Lace and embroidery .

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Until the final set-up of its permanent exhibition, the museum will display its treasures through temporary thematic exhibitions.

The currently running exhibition entitled “From Thread to Fabric” provides a general overview of the method used for the production of fabric within traditional textile handicraft. The items on display include the best pieces of clothing and other items for everyday or festive use, textile household items, as well as tools used in the production process. Most of these date from the second half of the nineteenth and the first decades of the twentieth century. Certain exhibits, particularly embroidery, represent superb achievements of handicraft and are unique and unrepeatable.

VIRTUAL TOUR                   

 

 

 

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On the ground floor, in the first room, the visitor can see the objects used in the primary steps of the raw material treatment, such as: scissors for sheep shearing, cards for combing out wool, flax or hemp, as well as various kinds of distaffs (both the manual ones and the more modern foot-operated distaff or spinning-wheel, which appeared in Montenegro in the first decades of the twentieth century). The distaff is the basic tool for spinning – the procedure of shaping and uniting textile fibres into a thread. As objects used in the successive steps of thread processing, the winding machine and the winch are exhibited. 

Second room

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Second room displays a brake for breaking hemp or flax, as well as final products woven from the mentioned raw materials (women’s dress, skirt). Diverse knitted woollen items are also exhibited here (gloves, mittens, socks, oversocks, a jacket, a petticoat, etc), some of which are lavishly decorated and artistically designed. They are characterized by bright colours and harmoniously fitted geometrical ornaments, and are sometimes additionally adorned with tiny and colourful beads..

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In the third room a vertical loom is on display, on which various garments and household items were produced by weaving (a very old technique in which fabrics were produced by crossing threads over and under each other). Among the woven items exhibited in this room are belts, various types of bags, chair mats, and covers. Eye-catching visual effects are achieved by numerous combinations of threads of different widths or kinds and diverse colours in one or several weaving techniques, with an endless range of variations.

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The fourth room exhibits a horizontal loom, which offered great possibilities for the application of various weaving techniques, the creation of complex ornaments, compositions and colouring effects. The final products on display include rugs and carpets, where the highest achievements of the art of weaving were made. An authentic and inseparable part of both the men’s and women’s costume wasstruka – an archaic wrap made of wool or goat’s hair, richly decorated with long fringes falling freely from the edges. In perfect harmony with thestruka, the same discrete and dark colouring was used to adorn tasselled bags, named after the colourful woollen fringes tied in tassels.

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The fourth room with a horizontal loom

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Upstairs, in the fifth room, there are exhibits characterized by application – a decorative technique which included attaching beads, straps, cords, pieces of leather, baize and the like. Apart from aprons, belts and socks, another item standing out by its decoration of this type is d župeleta, an archaic women’s garment linked to the Illyrian cultural identity. .

                     

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Traditional ornaments and national costumes

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The sixth room offers a wide range of pieces of clothing, which make up an integral part of costumes from the whole territory of Montenegro (cloaks, jackets, jerkins, silk blouses). Nearly all of them are lavishly adorned with embroidery, which, as the most significant form of artistic decoration, was made on a specific base, in various kinds of stitch, most commonly with woollen and cotton threads with gold and silver, but due to the influence of Islamic art  too.

Sixth room

The seventh room displays pieces of clothing and usable household items, predominantly those ornamented with lace and embroidery (bodices, nightdresses, pillowcases, covers, decorative towels and cloths), as well as a representative sample of the carved chest from the coastal area.

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to the top 

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Vladin dom - National Museum of Montenegro

Historical Museum, Art Museum & Archaeology Museum in Vladin Dom

King Nikola`s Palace

King Nikola`s Museum

 

Biljarda

Njegoš`s Museum Biljarda

 

Ethnographic Museum

Ethnographic Museum

 

Gallery Dado

Montenegrin Gallery of Arts Miodrag Dado Đuric

 

Chipur church

Court church Cipur

 

Mausoleum on Lovcen

Njegoš`s Mausoleum on Lovcen

 

Orlov krs

Mausoleum of Bishop Danilo (Orlov krs)

 

Lapidarium

 

.Map of Montenegro

Map of Montegro

 

Birthhouse of Petar II Petrovic Njegos

Njegoš`s birthhouse

 

 

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